The rapid growth in the federal government's IT security spending is coming to a screeching halt. In fiscal 2005, which begins Oct. 1, the U.S. government will increase spending on IT security products and services by a mere 2% to $5.6 billion, according to the government market-intelligence firm Input.
Since the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the government has spent heavily on IT security, although the increases have been declining each year. But next year's increase is significantly smaller than those in previous years. Annual IT security spending rose 10% this year, 50% in 2003, and 100% in 2002, Input reports. Single-digit increases in IT security spending will be the rule through the remainder of the decade, it says.
One reason IT security spending has slowed is that agencies have failed to comply with White House requirements to fix existing IT security weaknesses before the Office of Management and Budget releases additional money for new initiatives. Last year, according to Input, more than a quarter of federal IT systems didn't have up-to-date security plans. Input senior analyst Chris Campbell says yearly reviews by OMB and Congress have uncovered a number of security lapses unresolved from previous years, leaving many legacy systems vulnerable to attacks. This means agencies must seek OMB approval to re-appropriate funds to fix security lapses in existing systems, rather than get new money for new IT security projects. Campbell says vendors that help agencies implement security solutions at reasonable costs could benefit.
Still, Input sees IT security spending will pick up a bit in the second half of the decade, reaching an annual growth rate of about 5% through 2009--when IT security spending should surpass $7 billion.
By 2009, Input projects, IT security spending by Defense Department agencies and the military will rise to $3 billion, up from $2.4 billion this year, a 5% annual growth rate. Similarly, civilian agencies' IT security spending will grow at a 5.2% yearly growth rate over the next five years to $2.9 billion, from $2.3 billion. Intelligence agencies' growth rate is projected to be lower--2.5%, as spending will rise to $900 million from $800 million.