Still, Sun is a company with a message. The secret to gaining the upper hand in the market for large IT systems--which include hardware, software, and operating system--is to leverage one's intellectual property rather than become beholden to the cookie-cutter chips and operating systems produced by Intel, Microsoft, and even Red Hat, said Jonathan Schwartz, Sun's executive VP for software, speaking Monday at a media roundtable in New York.
Half of Sun's research and development is devoted to software, and the company shows no signs of changing that. At its SunNetwork event in September, Sun will unveil pricing for its Project Orion initiative. For roughly $100 to $200 per user, Sun customers will have access to a wealth of Sun software, including messaging, middleware, and management apps, as well as the Solaris operating system.
Sun's strategy to continue its development of the UltraSparc processor and Solaris makes a lot of sense for Sun customers, says one analyst. The real challenge is explaining to the broader market why it makes sense for them to abandon whatever products they have and move to Sun, says Sageza Group research director Charles King. "Sometimes the effort to be all things to all people is fraught with more dangers than focusing on what you do best," which in Sun's case is making high-end Unix systems.
While Hewlett-Packard and IBM have placed greater emphasis on Windows and less on their proprietary operating systems, Sun continues to develop Solaris. To accommodate the demand for virtual machines on Intel-based servers, for example, HP and IBM turn to third-party software from VMware Inc. However, Sun plans to deliver logical partitioning through a Solaris 10 feature called zones, slated to be available in late 2004. Operating systems are "the vehicle through which you distribute all of your content," Schwartz says. "Microsoft is successful because they own the distribution vehicle."