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  • 08/21/2013
    3:51 PM
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Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

When self-control doesn't work, try electricity, say MIT inventors.
10 Facebook Features To Help You Get Ahead
10 Facebook Features To Help You Get Ahead
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MIT PhD candidates Robert Morris and Daniel McDuff have a novel solution to Facebook addiction: shock therapy.

The pair have developed a device they call Pavlov Poke, named after Nobel Prize-winning Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov. In his study of dogs, Pavlov found that a stimulus (e.g., ringing a bell) could be linked to a previously unrelated response (e.g., drooling), creating what's known as a conditioned reflex.

As noted by Nobel Media, advertising has adopted the technique to condition consumers to associate positive feelings with products. Facebook, a major advertising company, appears to represent a counter-example: A recent study suggests Facebook use makes people feel worse about themselves.

[ Facebook's founder wants everyone in the world to have the Internet. Zuckerberg Unveils Plan To Expand Global Internet Access. ]

Morris and McDuff want to use Pavlov's technique to deter use of Facebook, which they characterize as "addictive by design." Facebook, they say, is designed to promote engagement, but not well-being.

To mitigate Facebook's addictiveness, the pair created an Arduino-based keyboard hand-rest that shocks computer users who spend too much time checking the social network.

This is not without precedent: Last year, a man hired a woman to slap him when he procrastinated online. Thanks to Morris and McDuff, technology has made yet another job obsolete.

The two MIT students designed their project to keep themselves away from Facebook while they finish their dissertations, but presumably the device could be altered to punish over-reliance on Google or any other website.

The effectiveness of this approach remains open to question. It turns out the device imparts enough of a shock that its inventors were not keen to test their creation very extensively.

"Sadly, we found the shocks so aversive, we removed the device pretty quickly after installing it," Morris explained in a blog post. "Anecdotally, however, I did notice a significant, though temporary, reduction in my Facebook usage."

Morris says that he's no longer "dragged [to Facebook] by some mysterious Ouija-esque compulsion."

Pavlov Poke also provides a way to reduce Facebook dependence that doesn't involve physical abuse: emotional abuse. Instead of a shock, the system can be configured to respond to excessive social networking with scolding telephone calls, courtesy of Amazon.com's on-demand labor service Mechanical Turk.

(So if technology is destroying jobs like "personal slapping assistant," it's also creating new ones like "Facebook-usage harassment caller." That just leaves the issue of job quality.)

McDuff in an email said that Pavlov Poke is an "art/life hack/comedy project meant to promote discussion" rather than an attempt at a viable product. Nonetheless, the fact that there's an abundance of software-based alternatives designed to block access to social networking sites, such as Anti-Social, suggests self-control services have become indispensable as a defense against technology designed to be irresistible. We've entered into a technological arms race against ourselves.


Comments

re: Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

What happens when become addicted to software for self-control?

re: Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

Ha ha - a scary thought.

re: Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

Like when smokers become addicted to nicotine gum.

re: Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

Or the electronic cigarettes!

re: Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

It's easy to laugh, but if we raised a generation that can't delay knowing what their friends had for lunch that day to finish a dissertation, we may be in big trouble.

re: Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

Why am I salivating at the prospect of shocking people who overdo it on Facebook?

re: Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

As an IT administrative tool, the ability to send a shock to employees on Facebook could be the enterprise product of the year.

re: Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

It may just be an "art/life hack/comedy project meant to promote discussion" but it's brilliant nonetheless.

re: Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

Thanks Jim!

re: Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

I'm guilty of this, and need a good zap once in awhile. Everything is too easy to check with smartphones. It's not just Facebook, but also Instagram, email, Twitter etc.

Step. Away. From the phone.

re: Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

Mobile device makers should have a "Vibrate Annoyingly" timer that can be set to deter device use after a certain period of time.

re: Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

I would love to try this method to help me focus on my master's thesis that I spend my weekends completing, but I have a conundrum: My thesis is based on research conducted on Facebook.

re: Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

Yes but if it's not Facebook, it's Reddit, the twitter, then reading trashy Gawker articles. There's no end in sight!

re: Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

This is true! Lately, Twitter has been more of an addiction than Facebook, but that is probably because I find relevant articles and funny updates on Twitter from a select group of people I follow. Usually, with Facebook, you get mindless posts from your "friends."

re: Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

www.go4break.com is launched to cure
Facebook addiction. Facebook deactivation is not enough, some more deterrent is
needed.

This works
really well for people who are wasting time on Facebook.

Facebook is
not bad if used in moderation. No software to download or install.

Andy Sibert

re: Facebook Addiction: A Shocking Cure

Internet addiction and technology overload are real and growing issues. There is a great site called The Unplug Series which aims to help technology addicts, geeks and the overly wired world remember how to 'really' connect. I found their new study on "Taking Timeout from Technology" particularly interesting and relevant to this http://www.unplugseries.com/the-taking-timeout-from-technology-survey-2013