Less than two weeks ago, the company announced a multiyear restructuring plan to shave between $3 billion to $3.5 billion in expenses by fiscal year 2014, including reducing its payroll by approximately 27,000 employees, or 8% of its workforce. While HP's latest financial results showed better earnings per share than expected, there were a number of red flags, including a 10% decline in printing and imaging revenue. PC unit revenue rose only 0.4%.
Last year wasn't much better for the vendor: A year ago, the company axed 29-year vet Ann Livermore, head of HP Enterprise Services, as well as Pete Bocian, executive VP and chief administrative officer. CEO Leo Apotheker was shown the door a month after he announced that the company was considering spinning off its PC business, which accounts for almost a third of its total revenues. He was replaced by former eBay CEO Meg Whitman, who nixed the proposal, but several customer surveys indicated the damage was already done.
Analysts surveyed by Network Computing had an array of opinions on HP's current footing, and its future.
David Vellante, founder and consulting analyst at Wikibon, says he believes the situation is often overstated, and that HP is actually in better shape than most people realize. "I'm pro-HP, like a lot of people, because it has such a great history," he explains. "HP is a Silicon Valley icon, and the birthplace of Silicon Valley essentially occurred in a garage in Palo Alto. HP has a trusted brand and customers are generally loyal to HP."
However, Vellante adds, there is no shortage of areas of concern, including rationalizing HP's strategy. "WebOS was a phenomenal opportunity that HP fumbled," he says. "The Autonomy acquisition, in my opinion, was not the best move for the company because HP sales teams aren't well versed at selling enterprise software--I would have much rather seen sets of smaller acquisitions that are more strategic or a mega-acquisition like Citrix--which, of course, would have been pricier. I think Autonomy was a desperate move by Apotheker to show more substantial software assets. The Mike Lynch firing was another debacle, but I think long term is good for HP."
Rob Enderle, principal analyst at Enderle Group, agrees that the reality for HP is likely much better than the perception--but that's not to say there isn't a serious problem, which he lays at the feet of the company's boards of directors. "Actually, if you think about it, every CEO they have had over the last decade with the exception of Whitman was fired, and in all cases the firing was a symptom of a bad board," he explains. "And in each case, the bad board seemed to get replaced by a new one that had a different, but equally bad, set of problems. Fiorina and Hurd were very poorly managed, and Apotheker wasn't qualified for the job."
Enderle says in the first two instances the core issue was that the CEO was also the chairman of the board, making it nearly impossible for the board to manage the CEO effectively. "In the third, a brand-new and panicked board made a bad decision, and Whitman was the rushed correction. Right now, the board layout is correct: Whitman--for an umbrella company--has the right background--more Bain than eBay--but she now has to deal with what is left from a series of dysfunctional leadership teams."
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