The bill, the Telephone Records and Privacy Protection Act of 2006, could pass Friday or in the early morning hours Saturday, when observers expect the Senate to wrap up business for the year. Senate staffers said Thursday their chamber had hot-lined the so-called "pretexting" bill, which passed the U.S. House of Representatives on April 25. That means if no one objects before the close of session, the technology-neutral bill will pass the Senate by unanimous consent.
Pretexting is the term used to describe lying, deceit, or impersonation to obtain private phone records. The issue gained widespread attention when Hewlett-Packard revealed that its investigators had engaged in the practice while trying to pinpoint the source of media leaks from its board. The company, several of its former officials, and investigators are facing civil and criminal charges resulting from the disclosure.
However, several lawmakers and law enforcement authorities were already trying to address the problem when the HP scandal broke. The Chicago Sun-Times revealed that reporters had obtained cell phone records of undercover FBI agents from companies selling the information on the Internet. Law enforcement authorities and lawmakers immediately recognized that the practice opened the way for criminals to gain information about investigations, as well as harm investigators, informants, and others. They also said the practice violated people's expectation of privacy.
"If this were not enough of a privacy violation for the average consumer, the [Senate Judiciary] Committee also learned that criminals were employing these services to learn the identity of undercover law enforcement officers, as well as suspected confidential informants and witnesses," U.S. Representative James Sensenbrenner told his colleagues while urging passage of the bill. "In addition, this practice also endangers victims of domestic violence and stalking, since stalkers and abusers can use cell record information to track a victim's location and associates. Amazingly enough, none of this is clearly illegal under federal law."